” How Blacks Have Irish Last Names Continued…..”

 

Before I proceed, I want to share with you this great African proverb, “Until the Story of the hunt is told by the Lion, the tale of the hunt will always glorify the hunter”. After reading peoples comments to, “How Blacks have Irish last names” I was compelled to continue this insightful discussion by presenting a story about the Black Celts. I am not talking about the Black Celts depicted on this blog…..http://www.irishcentral.com/roots/history/who-were-the-black-irish-92376439-237784721.html. “The Vikings were often referred to as the “dark invaders” or “black foreigners.” The Gaelic word for foreigner is “gall” and for black (or dark) is “dubh.”

I’ve travelled to Sweden and all I can say is that the Irish have no resemblance to the Scandinavians. Fact is that the Irish or the Celts are more related to the ancient Phoenicians than the Vikings, “….scientific anthropologists and classic historians have proved that the “Celts” of history were the non-Aryan, round-headed, darkish small statured race of south Germany and Switzerland, and that the “Celts” properly so called are “totally lacking in the British Isles.” Thus, to speak as is so commonly done, of “Celtic ancestry,” the “Celtic “temperament,” and “Celtic fire” amongst any section of the natives of these islands, is, according to anthropologists merely imagination.
Also in the writings of Tacitus, the Roman historian mentions of the dark complexion of the Silures or Black Celts, and maintained that a black aboriginal race lived side by side with a white one in the British Isle in Pre-Roman times. – See more at: http://www.africaresource.com/rasta/sesostris-the-great-the-egyptian-hercules/the-african-roots-of-the-celtish-tribes2-black-celts-black-britons-by-jamani/#sthash.udNLlXLU.dpuf
“The term “Celt” is entirely unknown as the designation of any race or racial element of language in the British Isles, until arbitrarily introduced there a few generations ago. Nor does the name even exist in the so-called “Celtic” languages, the Gaelic, Welsh and Irish. It is, on the contrary, the classic Greek and Latin title of a totally different race of a totally different physical type from that of the British Isles, and that the word was only produced there by unscientific phlogistic and ethnologists some decades ago….” — L.A. Waddell, “Phoenician origin of Britons, Scots and Anglo-Saxons”, p 127f. On this book you can find more information about this theory.

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Also, England was settled by the Phoenicians who sailed to England for trade.  The Phoenicians invaded England in 1103 BC and when they arrived they found England to be inhabited by the Picts. According to the Ancient History the Picts originally came from Scythia (Scandinavia), settled first in Orkney, and then migrated south. This claim is further supported by archaeologist and professor at Aberdeen University, Dr. Gordon Noble, who states, “All evidence points to the Picts being indigenous to northern Scotland…they began to coalesce during the late Roman period and formed some of the most powerful kingdoms in northern Britain in the early medieval period” (Wiener, 2). They lived in tightly-knit communities and built their homes out of wood, although their skill in stone carving is evident from the many engraved standing stones still extant throughout Scotland and housed in museums. These carved stone slabs are the only record the Picts left of their history; the rest of their story is told by later Roman, Scottish, and English writers.
Let’s take this a little deeper, and lets decipherer who the Phoenicians were and where did they come from?
The ancient Egyptians were black Africans. The Phoenicians were pretty much light-skinned Egyptians from the Mesopotamia area. They began settling in Egypt through trade with Africans. Africans by nature are hospitable people, who are always welcoming visitors.

By the time the North black Africans found out that the Phoenicians were no longer visitors, but rather an occupation group, it was already too late. The North Africans were subject to systematic extermination with all the best parts, including women, cultures, land, treasures, the pyramids, royal thrones and public system, taken over and adopted by the Phoenicians.
Over the years they relocated and made Carthage aka modern day Tunisia their new home and from here ladies and gentlemen the Phoenicians sailed to Europe and settled in various parts of the British Isles.

One year after Ferguson and we are still incarcerating more African Americans

I was reading this interesting article that I found on the NAACP website that I would like to share with everyone. It is titled; CRIMINAL JUSTICE FACT SHEET and you can find it on this link http://www.naacp.org/pages/criminal-justice-fact-sheet. This article gave me a reality check. I live in Seattle and in our state of Washington Black youth make up 8 percent of the juvenile population but form 42 percent of the youth sentenced to detention. The over representation of black youth in the juvenile detention system has actually gotten steadily worse since the 1980’s. These statistics are alarming and we have not improved since the 1980’s. This is should be a topic that should be on the agenda for the next elected president. We preach democracy all over the world but we are living in a police state. Take a look at the following statistics and let me know what you think.

state of Washington Black youth make up 8 percent of the juvenile population but form 42 percent of the youth sentenced to detention

The state of Washington Black youth make up 8 percent of the juvenile population but form 42 percent of the youth sentenced to detention

Incarceration Trends in America
• From 1980 to 2008, the number of people incarcerated in America quadrupled-from roughly 500,000 to 2.3 million people
• Today, the US is 5% of the World population and has 25% of world prisoners.
• Combining the number of people in prison and jail with those under parole or probation supervision, 1 in ever y 31 adults, or 3.2 percent of the population is under some form of correctional control
Racial Disparities in Incarceration
• African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population
• African Americans are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites
• Together, African American and Hispanics comprised 58% of all prisoners in 2008, even though African Americans and Hispanics make up approximately one quarter of the US population
• According to Unlocking America, if African American and Hispanics were incarcerated at the same rates of whites, today’s prison and jail populations would decline by approximately 50%
• One in six black men had been incarcerated as of 2001. If current trends continue, one in three black males born today can expect to spend time in prison during his lifetime
• 1 in 100 African American women are in prison
• Nationwide, African-Americans represent 26% of juvenile arrests, 44% of youth who are detained, 46% of the youth who are judicially waived to criminal court, and 58% of the youth admitted to state prisons (Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice).
Drug Sentencing Disparities
• About 14 million Whites and 2.6 million African Americans report using an illicit drug
• 5 times as many Whites are using drugs as African Americans, yet African Americans are sent to prison for drug offenses at 10 times the rate of Whites
• African Americans represent 12% of the total population of drug users, but 38% of those arrested for drug offenses, and 59% of those in state prison for a drug offense.
• African Americans serve virtually as much time in prison for a drug offense (58.7 months) as whites do for a violent offense (61.7 months). (Sentencing Project)
Contributing Factors
• Inner city crime prompted by social and economic isolation
• Crime/drug arrest rates: African Americans represent 12% of monthly drug users, but comprise 32% of persons arrested for drug possession
• “Get tough on crime” and “war on drugs” policies
• Mandatory minimum sentencing, especially disparities in sentencing for crack and powder cocaine possession
• In 2002, blacks constituted more than 80% of the people sentenced under the federal crack cocaine laws and served substantially more time in prison for drug offenses than did whites, despite that fact that more than 2/3 of crack cocaine users in the U.S. are white or Hispanic
• “Three Strikes”/habitual offender policies
• Zero Tolerance policies as a result of perceived problems of school violence; adverse affect on black children.
• 35% of black children grades 7-12 have been suspended or expelled at some point in their school careers compared to 20% of Hispanics and 15% of whites
Effects of Incarceration
• Jail reduces work time of young people over the next decade by 25-30 percent when compared with arrested youths who were not incarcerated
• Jails and prisons are recognized as settings where society’s infectious diseases are highly concentrated
• Prison has not been proven as a rehabilitation for behavior, as two-thirds of prisoners will reoffend
Exorbitant Cost of Incarceration: Is it Worth It?
• About $70 billion dollars are spent on corrections yearly
• Prisons and jails consume a growing portion of the nearly $200 billion we spend annually on public safety

African-American workers were transformed from being exploited to becoming “useless”

A series of recent reports cite the drastic lack of economic progress for Black people in general and Black men in particular. Freddie Allen, NNPA Washington Correspondent, wrote “Black men are no better off than they were more than 40 years ago, due to mass incarceration and job losses suffered during the Great Recession, according to a new report by researchers at the University of Chicago.”
Sidney Dinan, writer for the Washington Times, in an article titled, “All of the net jobs gained in the U.S. since 2000 have gone to immigrants,” stated, “Nearly 6 million more people are working in the U.S. now than in 2000, but the number of native-born Americans holding jobs has declined slightly, from 114.8 million to 114.7 million, according to census figures…Instead, all of that job growth – a total of 5.7 million – has gone to immigrants.”
A third example is an article titled, “Economic justice eludes black Americans 50 years after MLK’s ‘dream,” written by Gerald Britt. It disclosed, “The average unemployment rate during recession years over the past 50 years has been 6.7 percent. Yet for African-Americans during that time, the average has been 11.6 percent while for whites the rate has been 5.1 percent, at times falling as low as 3.1 percent. Only in 1969 did black unemployment dip below the national recession average to 6.4 percent. The report’s conclusion: Over the last 50 years, the black unemployment rate has been at a level typical for a recession or higher.”

Black unemployment rates have risen at very high alarming rates

Black unemployment rates have risen at very high alarming rates

The articles cited above should cause one to rethink the notion of Black obsolescence, as Frederick Douglass and others down through the years have posited. Have we become obsolete? Based on the structural inequities that plague us, is it planned? Was it built into the economic system? If so, how can we overcome it? My suggestion is coalescence.
Other groups in this country, although unencumbered by the exploitation that Black people suffered, have enough sense to work together in support of one another to gain a reasonable level of economic empowerment. In other words, they believe in and practice coalescence. In light of what we have endured in this land of plenty, the wealth of which was produced by the free work of our hands, one would reasonably think that Black people, having the most to lose, would be working more on coalescence in order to stave off obsolescence.

African Americans were transformed from being exploited to becoming “useless

African Americans were transformed from being exploited to becoming “useless

Coalition-building rather than the HNIC model is the best way for Black people to make significant progress in this country, especially when it comes to economic empowerment. From the agricultural economy to the industrial and mass production economy, Black folks, in some cases, had it going on. Many individual Blacks did quite well with jobs and businesses in those areas. As we moved to the technology/information economy and now into the knowledge-based economy, the rules for survival have changed.
“In 1970, Sidney Willhelm’s book, Who Needs the Negro? argued that with the rise of automation within a capitalist economic system, African-American workers were transformed from being exploited to becoming “useless” from the viewpoint of those who controlled the economy and the automated productive processes emerging within it.
Because of the racism of U.S. business interests, the workforce that automation would require could and would be largely White. Yes, business would continue to hire a number of Blacks, but as much as the cloaked face of racism within companies would allow, Black workers would become productively “unneeded.” If Black people disappeared tomorrow, Willhelm maintained, for capital they “would hardly be missed.”
The above statement was written by Gerald Coles, who went on to say, “Willhelm’s assessment is now truer than ever for both poor blacks and many whites who constitute part of the potential U.S. workforce within global capitalism. Since overseas labor is less costly, fewer U.S. workers are needed for the jobs that are and will be available in this country. Why spend money to provide U.S. poor children with adequate food, clothing, healthcare and other basics of life, along with the full funding needed to educate them? For business needs it would be a waste of money.”
I believe it was Marcus Garvey who said, “All the shoes have been shined and all the cotton has been picked.” He went on to suggest that Black people were no longer needed by White folks, therefore, if we did not change our ways when it came to business development we would indeed become obsolete. Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, and Garvey spoke of a time when we would have to consider this question if we did not awaken from our deep sleep and refuse to be dependent upon the largess of others for our sustenance.
We have two choices: Coalescence or obsolescence. Which one will we choose?

Thousands of Voyages to America by Africans before Christopher Columbus

0ba07b71e1fcb16c9b725bbc37388d56.383x428x1On Monday, America’s government offices, businesses, and banks all grind to a halt in order to commemorate Columbus Day. In schools up and down the country, little children are taught that a heroic Italian explorer discovered America, and various events and parades are held to celebrate the occasion.

It has now become common knowledge amongst academics that Christopher Columbus clearly did not discover America, not least because is it impossible to discover a people and a continent that was already there and thriving with culture. One can only wonder how Columbus could have discovered America when people were watching him from America’s shores?

Contrary to popular belief, African American history did not start with slavery in the New World. An overwhelming body of new evidence is emerging which proves that Africans had frequently sailed across the Atlantic to the Americas, thousands of years before Columbus and indeed before Christ. The great ancient civilizations of Egypt and West Africa traveled to the Americas, contributing immensely to early American civilization by importing the art of pyramid building, political systems and religious practices as well as mathematics, writing and a sophisticated calendar.

The strongest evidence of African presence in America before Columbus comes from the pen of Columbus himself. In 1920, a renowned American historian and linguist, Leo Weiner of Harvard University, in his book, Africa and the discovery of America, explained how Columbus noted in his journal that Native Americans had confirmed that “black skinned people had come from the south-east in boats, trading in gold-tipped spears.”

One of the first documented instances of Africans sailing and settling in the Americas were black Egyptians led by King Ramses III, during the 19th dynasty in 1292 BC. In fact, in 445 BC, the Greek historian Herodotus wrote of the Ancient Egyptian pharaohs’ great seafaring and navigational skills. Further concrete evidence, noted by Dr. Imhotep and largely ignored by Euro-centric archaeologists, includes “Egyptian artifacts found across North America from the Algonquin writings on the East Coast to the artifacts and Egyptian place names in the Grand Canyon.”

In 1311 AD, another major wave of African exploration to the New World was led by King Abubakari II, the ruler of the fourteenth century Mali Empire, which was larger than the Holy Roman Empire. The king sent out 200 ships of men, and 200 ships of trade material, crops, animals, cloth and crucially African knowledge of astronomy, religion and the arts.

African explorers crossing the vast Atlantic waters in primitive boats may seem unlikely, or perhaps, far fetched to some. Such incredible nautical achievements are not as daunting as they seem, given that
numerous successful modern attempts have illustrated that without an oar, rudder or sail ancient African boats, including the “dug-out,” would certainly have been able to cross the vast ocean in a matter of weeks.

As time allows us to drift further and further away from the “European age of exploration” and we move beyond an age of racial intellectual prejudice, historians are beginning to recognize that Africans were skilled navigators long before Europeans, contrary to popular belief.

Of course, some Western historians continue to refute this fact because, consciously or unconsciously, they are still hanging on to the 19th-century notion that seafaring was a European monopoly.

fb73aa2a3d512e3ac05b21fbef8d18c3After all, history will tell you that seafaring is the quintessential European achievement, the single endeavor of which Europeans are awfully proud. Seafaring allowed Europe to conquer the world. The notion that black Africans braved the roaring waters of the Atlantic Ocean and beat Europeans to the New World threatens a historically white sense of ownership over the seas.

When most people think about ancient Mexico, the first civilizations that come to mind are the Incas, Aztecs and the Maya. However, during the early 1940′s archeologists uncovered a civilization known as the Olmecs of 1200 BC, which pre-dated any other advanced civilization in the Americas.

The Olmec civilization, which was of African origin and dominated by Africans, was the first significant civilization in Mesoamerica and the Mother Culture of Mexico.

Olmecs are perhaps best known for the carved colossal heads found in Central Mexico, that exhibit an unmistakably African Negroid appearance. Ancient African historian Professor Van Sertima has illustrated how Olmecs were the first Mesoamerican civilization to use a written language, sophisticated astronomy, arts and mathematics and they built the first cities in Mexico, all of which greatly influenced the Mayans and subsequent civilizations in the Americas. “There is not the slightest doubt that all later civilizations in [Mexico and Central America], rest ultimately on an Olmec base,” once remarked Michael Coe, a leading historian on Mexico.

Africans clearly played an intricate role in the Olmec Empire’s rise and that African influence peaked during the same period that ancient Black Egyptian culture ascended in Africa.

A clear indicator of pre-Columbus African trans-Atlantic travel is the recent archeological findings of narcotics native to America in Ancient Egyptian mummies, which have astounded contemporary historians. German toxicologist, Svetla Balabanova, reported findings of cocaine and nicotine in ancient Egyptian mummies. These substances are known to only be derived from American plants. South American cocaine from Erythroxylon coca and nicotine from Nicotiana tabacum. Such compounds could only have been introduced to Ancient Egyptian culture through trade with Americans.

Similarities across early American and African religions also indicate significant cross-cultural contact. The Mayans, Aztecs and Incas all worshipped black gods and the surviving portraits of the black deities are revealing. For instance, ancient portraits of the Quetzalcoatl, a messiah serpent god, and Ek-ahua, the god of war, are unquestionably Negro with dark skin and wooly hair. Why would native Americans venerate images so unmistakably African if they had never seen them before? Numerous wall paintings in caves in Juxtlahuaca depict the famous ancient Egyptian “opening of the mouth” and cross libation rituals. All these religious similarities are too large and occur far too often to be mere coincidences.

Professor Everett Borders notes another very important indication of African presence, which is the nature of early American pyramids. Pyramid construction is highly specialized. Ancient Egypt progressed from the original stepped pyramid of Djosser, to the more sophisticated finished product at Giza. However, at La Venta in Mexico, the Olmecs made a fully finished pyramid, with no signs of progressive learning. Olmecian and Egyptian pyramids were both placed on the same north-south axis and had strikingly similar construction methods. Tellingly, all of these pyramids also served the same dual purpose, tomb and temple.

Ancient trans-Atlantic similarities in botany, religion and pyramid building constitute but a fraction of the signs of African influence in ancient America. Other indicators include, astronomy, art, writing systems, flora and fauna.

Historically, the African people have been exceptional explorers and purveyors of culture across the world. Throughout all of these travels, African explorers have not had a history of starting devastating wars on the people they met. The greatest threat towards Africa having a glorious future is her people’s ignorance of Africa’s glorious past.

Pre-Columbus civilization in the Americas had its foundation built by Africans and developed by the ingenuity of Native Americans. Sadly, America, in post-Columbus times, was founded on the genocide of the indigenous Americans, built on the backs of African slaves and continues to run on the exploitation of workers at home and abroad.

Clearly, Africans helped civilize America well before Europeans “discovered” America, and well before Europeans claim to have civilized Africa. The growing body of evidence is now becoming simply too loud to ignore. It’s about time education policy makers reexamine their school curriculums to adjust for America’s long pre-Columbus history.

THE MIAMI SOUND MACHINE

While I write this blog I am sipping on my cafecito. It takes me back to my roots; clears my head and puts my thoughts at ease. I don’t do lattes, frappuccinos nor café con leche. In coffee terms a cafecito is Traditional, Cuban-style espresso is made using the darker roasts, typically either Italian or Spanish Roasts. It is identical to Italian pulls, except for the addition of sugar directly to the espresso pitcher. The heat from the coffee-making process will hydrolyze some of the sucrose, thereby creating a sweeter and slightly more viscous result than a normal pull or adding sugar at the table. I do my cafecito 75/25. 75 espresso and 25 warm milk.

un cafecitoI was introduced to this great drink by my uncle David who is a fanatic of the Cuban culture and not to mention their rums and ever since my first cup I’ve been hooked on this magical drink. I’ve been drinking coffee most of my life, mostly instant coffee and homemade coffee from the mountains of Nicaragua hand roasted in my grandmother’s comal but un cafecito is hands down greatest and I recommend it to everyone if you have an espresso machine try it, even if you don’t.

CongaAt any rate I am getting a little carried away. I wanted to write about this new song. Have you guys heard the new Pitbull song titled “FUN” featuring Chris Brown? The song is from Pitbul’s new album Globalization. The song is epic; it has MIAMI written all over it and you cannot talk about MIAMI without the Cubans or all the other Latin American people that reside in MIAMI , like Haitians, Nicaraguans, Brazilians, Argentineans, Dominicans, Colombians and others. Each culture apported a spice in the musical GUMBO of what we call now the MIAMI sound.

The first time I heard the song “FUN” was on television at the Billboard awards when Pitbull performed it live with Chris Brown. It reminded me of Gloria Estefan and the Miami sound machine “CONGA” song. The song FUN has rhythm, flutes, and catchy lyrics all in one bag of MIAMI swagger.
But to understand this sound is to know the history behind this sound what we call CONGA, according to the urban dictionary CONGA is a Cuban ballroom dance that consists of three steps forward followed by a kick, characteristically performed by a group following a leader in a single line but also Conga is also a drum a tall, conical, Afro-Cuban drum played with the hands. CONGA is the essential pillar of any Afro American music whether is Salsa, Merengue, or Cumbia. Any where you go in the Americas you will see how similar the sounds are because of this instrument. I can take you to Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Panama and Dominican Republic and you will see how the sounds are so alike.

How Music Opened My Eyes to Travel

When I was little, music was my escape and a tool to explore other cultures and their history. I remember my father tuning in every morning to K-EARTH 101 Los Angeles radio station. I remember listening to Chuck Berry, Fats Domino, Marvin Gaye, Ray Charles and others. Their songs opened my eyes to the past and to exploration. I always imagined how Ray Charles visualized “Georgia” or Otis Redding “Dock of the Bay”. I still remember vividly when my parents took my sisters and me on our first road trip to San Francisco to visit my cousins in Santa Rosa CA. I wanted to see what Otis was talking about and feel when he said, “Rest my bones and watch clouds roll away” and it made sense when I sat there for a few minutes with my mom and Dad. Though my family didn’t have enough money to take us on a ski trips to Telluride CO or a weekend getaway to Maui like my middle school friends in Santa Monica I am grateful for what my parents did by taking us on road trips on the California Coast.

Sitting_on_the_Dock_of_the_BayMy parents didn’t have this kind of opportunity back in the days. For many African-Americans, domestic and international exploration used to be filled with significant roadblocks. From the late 19th century until the civil rights era, the lack of parity in pay left African-Americans with little to spend on leisure (a disparity that continues to this day); segregation meant substandard seats and service on public transportation; and finding lodging on the road if you were black, in particular, was a challenge, especially in the South. “The Negro Traveler’s Green Book” was published from 1936 until 1964 to give black travelers a list of places where it was safe to stay and to stop. Published by a postal worker named Victor H. Green, the book was used by thousands of African-Americans as they crisscrossed the United States by car. Green optimistically wrote in one edition: “There will be a day sometime in the near future when this guide will not have to be published. That is when we as a race will have equal opportunities and privileges in the United States.”
There is no argument that we are making progress in traveling. According to the online website Weekly Travel, the article titled, Reports highlight travel habits of minorities, states that roughly around 50 percent of African Americans in the South travel roughly within 500 miles that is not bad.
African Americans spend an average of $40 billion dollars annually on travel, yet few articles, magazines, books and television shows currently feature African American adventure and international travelers. African Americans venturing out across the planet today still wonder where it is safe to go, how they will be received in various regions of the world, where will they feel welcomed and comfortable and which places offer amenities that will satisfy their unique interests.
In today’s global economy, increasing numbers of African American executives, entertainers, entrepreneurs and professional athletes travel abroad for business. And the large percentage of blacks in the military (26 percent) means many more travel internationally and live abroad, often remaining overseas for a time after their tours of duty. Consequently, word is getting back to the African American community that the racism and specific hardships we experience in America are much more rare abroad. In most places on the planet, we are warmly welcomed and treated very well. Additionally there are numerous African Americans, African American communities and/or venues of African American culture scattered throughout the world.
I, for example made it a habit to travel at least once a year to a city or a state I never visited before. Yes my trip will consist of 500 miles or less but I will save money to go on a longer trip that will require a passport.

Our Negro U.S Presidents

Were There Black Presidents before Obama? Yes indeed there were…and there are many historians that back this claim. Let’s think this through for a second, despite of slavery and racism there was a lot of mixing in the U.S and the West Indies. If you conduct a DNA on all African Americans in the U.S you will shocked to see that they have European genes. My great grandmother was a German who met my grandfather back in the late 1900’s in Cayman Islands but my complexion is still black but you wouldn’t know that I had German blood unless I told you. The same applies to a lot of our U.S presidents….you wouldn’t know unless you searched in deep in their family trees. The following is a list of U.S presidents that have Negro blood in them. 1. John Hanson (a Moor) was actually the 1st President of the United States, he served from 1781 – 1782 and he was black. The new country was actually formed on March 1, 1781 with the adoption of The Articles of Confederation. This document was actually proposed on June 11, 1776, but not agreed upon by Congress until November 15, 1777. Maryland refused to sign this document until Virginia and New York ceded their western lands (Maryland was afraid that these states would gain too much power in the new government from such large amounts of land). Once the signing took place in 1781, a President was needed to run the country. John Hanson was chosen unanimously by Congress (which included George Washington). In fact, all the other potential candidates refused to run against him, as he was a major player in the revolution and an extremely influential member of Congress. As President, Hanson ordered all foreign troops off American soil, as well as removal of all foreign flags. He established the Great Seal of the United States, which all Presidents since have been required to use on all Official Documents. He declared that the 4th Thursday of every November to be Thanksgiving Day, which is still true today. Even though elected, one variable that was never thought through was that America was not going to accept a Black President during the heart of the enslavement period. Enter George Washington. obama-lincoln-16x92. Thomas Jefferson was the 3rd President of the United States, he served from 1801 – 1809 and he was black. His mother a half-breed Indian squaw and his father a mulatto (half white and half black) from Virginia. He fathered numerous children with Sally Hemmings, a mulatto slave with whom he lived with in Europe. 3. Andrew Jackson was the 7th President of the United States. He served from 1829 – 1837 and he was black. His mother was a white woman from Ireland who had Andrew Jackson with a black man. His father’s other children (Andrew Jackson’s stepbrother) was sold into slavery. 4. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, he served from 1861 – 1865 and he was black. His mother was from an Ethiopian Tribe and his father was an African American. It was told that his father was Thomas Lincoln, a man to cover the truth, but he was sterile from childhood mumps and was later castrated, making it impossible for him to have been his father. Lincoln’s nickname “Abraham Africa-nus the First.” 5. Warren Harding was the 28th President of the United States, he served from 1921 – 1923 and he was black. Harding never denied his ancestry. When Republican leaders called on Harding to deny his “Negro” history, he said, “How should I know whether or not one of my ancestors might have jumped the fence?” 6. Calvin Coolidge was the 29th President of the United States, he served from 1923 – 1929 and he was black. He proudly admitted that his mother was dark but claimed it was because of a mixed Indian ancestry. His mother’s maiden name was “Moor.” In Europe the name “Moor” was given to all Black people just as in America the name “Negro” was used. 7. Dwight E. Eisenhower was the 33rd President of the United States, he served from 1953 – 1961 and he was black. His mother, Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower, an anti-war advocate, was half black. So, America has survived and thrived through our first Seven Black Presidents and we will survive and THRIVE through the election of this one!

The evolution of the “N” Word

HISTORY should tell a people WHO THEY ARE, WHERE THEY CAME FROM and WHAT THEIR POTENTIAL IS AS A PEOPLE. The name that a people call themselves must provide them with an understanding of their history by connecting them to a land mass, a language, a culture, a religion, a philosophy and so on. There is no such place as NEGROLAND, COLOREDLAND, or BLACKLAND and there’s no ethnic group in Africa that calls itself Negro or its language negro. We are the descendants of our AFRICAN ancestors….PERIOD! Identification with one’s past HISTORY is an important step towards mental liberation.
The word Negro is Spanish for BLACK. The Spanish language comes from Latin, which has its origins in Classical Greek. The word Negro in Greek, is derived from the root word ‘necro’, meaning dead. The act of Ancestral worship known as necromancy or communication with the dead, was the practice of the Egyptians in order of honoring the lives of ancestors WHO CAME BEFORE. They believed by doing so could offer guidance and direction to the living. Temples (monuments) were designed as places where the ancestors could be honored, and holidays (Holy Days) were the days designated for worshipping. The Greeks thought of these sun-burnt people (Egyptians) to have a preoccupation with Death and didn’t understand the worship of the dead (Necromancy), and took their distorted beliefs back to Europe and the word Negro evolved out of this misunderstanding. What used to be known as a physical condition has been applied to an entire race of people.

European (White) people manufactured the word “Negro” during the slave trade. In addition, the term ‘Negro’ on the other hand is introduced to obscure the Africaness of the classical PHARAONIC CIVILIZATIONS. These Eurocentric determinations alienate and distort the historical achievements of African people. Numerous scholars have fallen into the intellectual trap when writing about African people by referring to them as Negroes or semi-negroes. This is a weak attempt at separating Africans of today (Africans worldwide), with AFRICANS of yesterday (Egyptian-Africans and other great African civilizations).
Historically, the Greeks came to Africa as students over 2,500 years ago to discover what Africans already knew. Writing, science, medicine, and religion were already a part of the Egyptian civilization. History had already been documented thousands of years before Herodotus (The so-called ‘Father of History’) was even born. Herodotus, Plato, Phythagorus, Socrates, and other Greek Philosophers…were all students of African priests (SONS OF LIGHT). When the Greeks returned to Europe, they planned the des truction and pillage of the remaining AFRICAN empires. Less than 300 years after the first Greeks came to Egypt as students, their descendants returned as conquerors. They (Greeks/Europeans) destroyed the cities, temples and libraries of the Egyptians an d claimed African knowledge as their own.
To JUSTIFY the enslavement of Africans, in short, it was culturally necessary to believe, or be able to believe, that Africans were inherently and naturally less than human but were beings of a somehow sub-human, non-human, nature. This we see proven with the written words documented in the original text of the Constitution of the United States which originally stated that Africans were ‘three-fifths’ a man (by law). It became necessary to DEHUMANIZE Africans and DEVALUE their historical worth as a people in order to ensure their value as slaves.
When the word “nigger” was devised, the meaning it implied was of a debased, ignorant, or very low person. Then, African-Americans dropped the ‘ER’ and added an ‘A’ thus forming a new word “NIGGA”. This word has been accepted and approved because ‘the word now has a new meaning, we mean it a different way’ is the obnoxious excuse. This is the same word that was used against our ancestors who shed blood for…now being accepted and used (daily) by the same people it was used AGAINST! The term is meaningless in reality but has become a useful word for those who help perpetuate the negative stereotypes of Africans worldwide. WHY would we choose to use a word that degrades Africans everywhere and turn around and call someone who looks just like you, a NIGGA! We can’t possibly believe that we have the power to change the meaning of a word and expect other people to follow along with this mentality, this isn’t progress folks.
The enslavement of the African mind was born out of the educational system and for good reasons. It was forbidden for the Africans to learn to read or write! The education of the Negro, then, becomes a perfect device for CONTROL FROM WITHOUT. The evolution of the Negro from Colored, to Black, to African-American represents a progression of self-consciousness. Referring to each other with respect and dignity by calling each other “brother/sister” instead of “nigga/bitch”, you’re more likely to talk to your “brother/sister” in a dispute instead of killing a “nigga” in the same situation.
The Negro/Nigger/Nigga – a race of dead people with a dead history and no hope for resurrection as long as they remain ignorant of their past. This new breed of Black people, the “Nigga” has become the death of the mind, body, and spirit of AFRICAN PEOPLE.
I’ve read several conflicting stories regarding the origin of the word “Negro/Nigger”. It matters that we educate ourselves and get pass this destructive ideology when we hear this word or its use against us. We need to identify its purpose and once realized, not allow ourselves to sink to the perpetrators level by allowing this word to control our thoughts of ourselves! Look at the source of where this word is coming from before sinking to their level of thinking. As mentioned previously, a Nigger is a debased, ignorant, and rather low person. DO YOU FIT THIS DESCRIPTION?
Follow in the footsteps of the ancestors, for the mind is trained through knowledge.

Every Civilization in the World has a Source and a Beginning

I am proud believer that everything in this world has been written and that there is a source and a beginning to everything.
The Romans were highly influenced by the Greeks especially in the areas of trade, banking, administration, art, literature, philosophy and earth science but where did the Greeks get this knowledge from? During the Greek Dark ages Egypt was the greatest center of education of the ancient world.

EgyptThe civilization that built the Sphinx, raised the pyramids and built the world’s first library also produced the world’s first physician; created Geometry and Astronomy we are talking dynasties before the Pythagorean Theorem was ever written. Egyptians were the ones that passed knowledge to the Greeks. Greek students flocked to Egypt for the sole purpose of getting education. They came to Africa as students over 2,500 years ago to discover what Africans already knew. Writing, science, medicine, and religion were already a part of the Egyptian civilization. History had already been documented thousands of years before Herodotus (The so-called ‘Father of History’) was even born. Herodotus, Plato, Socrates, and other Greek Philosophers…were all students of African priests. Egyptian PharoeThough most of us Africans of the Americas came from the regions of West of Africa we must appreciate every civilization in Africa the same way the Brits studied the Greeks and the Romans we must study it is crucial to study every aspect of the African continent.

The Resurrection of Hip Hop

Like the Phoenix in ancient Egyptian, Arab, & Greek Mythology of the long-lived bird, Hip Hop music will resurrect. The legend of the Phoenix is a follows, “When it feels its end approaching, it builds a nest with the finest aromatic woods, sets it on fire, and is consumed by the flames. From the pile of ashes, a new Phoenix arises, young and powerful. It then embalms the ashes of its predecessor in an egg of myrrh, and flies to the city of the Sun, Heliopolis, where it deposits the egg on the altar of the Sun God.”

Horus the GodPhoenix.jpg.opt402x302o0,0s402x302Hip Hop is on the verge of transition and change. What we hear on the radio and what we see on television is not stimulating us anymore. We listen to Hip Hop today and the music we hear on the radio has no content. It is all empty lyrics with no message nor poetry at all. Hip Hop today is nothing but subliminal messages that try to sell you something subconsciously. Whether it is the latest Rolex, Maybach, Ciroc vodka or high end European fashion brands that let’s be honest ¾ of American families can’t afford. hiphop_koolherc

It’s like Hip Hop has turned to an empty Tyler Perry movie making mockery of our culture and our women. I have nothing against our Hip Hop artists by all means more wealth to all of you but please give us something we can call art, don’t sell me products I can’t afford. Instead give us intellectualism, creativity, wordplay and new sounds. I have high hopes that despite what record labels are selling us. I believe there are music artists out there experimenting in a studio working on resurrecting this art.